Nasal Polyps are abnormal fleshy growths inside the nose that frequently obstruct the nasal passages. For unknown reasons some people are very prone to the growth of nasal polyps. Nasal polyps are more likely to occur in asthmatics that also have “aspirin/NSAID allergy.” Similarly, patients with nasal polyps are more prone to develop asthma and "aspirin/NSAID allergy."
Treatment is available for nasal polyps; however nasal polyps are very prone to re-growth.
A nasal polyp is a growth that emerges from the lining of the nasal passage. The growth is connected to the lining by a narrow stalk. Nasal polyps have a pale yellow/white appearance, which stands out against the pink color of normal nasal passages. The nasal polyps contain many inflammatory cells, especially eosinophils.
Treatment options include surgery and various medications. Nothing is guaranteed to cure nasal polyps. They often grow back. It takes longer for polyps to grow back after surgery but the recovery after surgery is often very uncomfortable. Oral steroids often induce shrinkage and remission of nasal polyps. Regular use of nasal steroid sprays and antileukotrienes (e.g. montelukast) may help prevent the recurrence nasal polyps.
The cause of nasal polyps remains unknown. Allergy or infection may play a role in aggravating the condition. Therefore, allergy desensitization shots may help patients who also suffer from nasal allergies.
Authored by Robert Settipane, MD